1. D.E.D.I.

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D.E.D.I.

Daemon Est Deus Inversus, the magical name adopted by the poet  W.B. Yeats during his  membership of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn.

Members  of the Golden Dawn would adopt magical pseudonyms – usually aphorisms of varying length and profundity, often in Latin. Irish poet W.B. Yeats originally chose the name Festina Lente (Hurry Slowly), but on attaining the grade of Adeptus Minor became known as Daemon Est Deus Inversus, or D.E.D.I. in abbreviation. This ancient Qabalistic motto translates as: The Devil is God Inverted, referring to the opposing forces required for balance and harmony in the world; as with Light and Dark, or Life and Death, Good cannot exist without its mutually dependent opposite  Evil and an image will always reflect in reverse.


 2. Stella Matutina (Morning Star)

 

An early twentieth century magical order founded by Robert Felkin and dedicated to the teachings of the earlier Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn.

The Golden Dawn was not only the most important magical cult ever to exist  in Britain but also one of the first organisations of any kind to admit  women as equals. Stella Matutina could count  E. Nesbit  author of The Railway Children as one of its early members as well as the Nobel prize winning  poet W.B.Yeats.

Charles Dodgson (real name of author Lewis Carroll)

Lewis Carroll died of pneumonia on January 14th 1898. Following his death, Christ Church College, Oxford where Carroll taught, were anxious that his rooms be cleared as quickly as possible. During the process, many of his papers were deliberately burnt by his family. The motivation for this act of vandalism remains unclear. His library, which contained numerous works on the Occult and supernatural phenomena and  personal effects  including furniture were sold by E.J.Brooks, an Oxford auctioneer on May 10th 1898. Amongst the items listed on the first day of the sale, was Lot 63, a Gilt-framed mirror or Looking Glass.

E.J. Brooks Catalogue of the Lewis Carroll Effects & Library Sale of 1898

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Bishop Berkeley, philosopher and founder of Immaterialism

George Berkeley was an Irish-born Anglican bishop and one of the most influential philosophers of the eighteenth century. Bishop Berkeley is best known for his theory of Immaterialism, arguing that matter does not exist and that  even  familiar physical objects are merely a collection of ideas existing  only in the mind of the person who perceives them, a notion encapsulated in his famous phrase: esse is percipi (to be is to be perceived).


3. The Immortal Game

 

This game was played between Adolf Anderssen (White) and Lionel Kieseritzky (Black) at Simpsons-in-the-Strand, London on 21 June 1851 and remains one of the most famous encounters  in the history of chess.

Characterised by Anderssen’s ingenious sacrificing of major pieces in order to develop play and secure eventual victory, it soon after became known as ‘The Immortal Game’.

The  18th move  Bishop captures rook on g1 is from  the  later stages of the game and is considered to be  decisive  in ensuring  Kieseritzky’s  defeat. Although  Kieseritzky  has an extra two rooks and a bishop which would normally convey  an overwhelming material advantage , Anderssen’s active  pieces  counteract this.

Kieseritzky was checkmated  five moves later.


 

TO BE CONTINUED…